Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation
Federal State Budget Institution
“State Nature Reserve “Wrangel Island””
||689400, Kuvaeva street, 23, Pevek city
Chukotka Autonomous Region
HOW TO GET TO THE NATURE RESERVE
On February 19, 1983, the All-Union Ornithological Society of the USSR Academy of Sciences was organized.
At the Constituent Congress on February 19, 1983, it was proposed to consider the founding day of the Ornithological Society as an unofficial orbitologist. The Soviet society was renamed the Menzbirov Ornithological Society, and in 2009 he had another follower - the Russian Society for the Conservation and Study of Birds named after him. M.A. Menzbier.
Currently, the avifauna of the Wrangel Island Nature Reserve has 169 bird species, of which 14 are listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and 29 species in the Red Book of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.
In winter, during the snow period, there are no birds on the territory of Wrangel Island. Only ravens can be found in the winter, owls can also be found during periods of abundance of lemmings, rarely in the former settlements you can see snow bunting .
Nesting on the territory of the reserve has been established for 62 species, including 8 species of seabirds, which is also an impressive number for the Arctic island. Tundra bird species are represented by the basis of the avifauna - lapland longspur, snow bunting, grey plover, ruddy turnstone, red knot, etc.
At the same time, it is known that the nest is also completely uncharacteristic for the Arctic elements, such as ruff, red-necked stint, horned puffin and tufted puffin, for which Wrangel Island is the most northern nesting point. In the colonies of seabirds with a total of up to 250-300 thousand people. nesting individuals, among which are dominated by the thick-billed murre, tystie and black-legged kittiwake.
Most of the permanent colony of snow goose. Our scientists Uliana Babiy, together with other experts on the Anseriforum of Northern Eurasia, Vasily Baranyuk.
The team of the reserve "Wrangel Island" sincerely congratulates Ulyana Babiy, Vasily Baranyuk on her professional holiday, as well as all specialists, ornithologists and bird lovers on the holiday!
Successes to you, health and new unforgettable meetings with our feathered friends!
World Marine Mammal Protection Day (the Day of Whales) is celebrated annually on February 19th.
This day was founded in 1986 when the moratorium on whale hunting came into force, introduced by the International Whaling Commission (IWC). This moratorium is currently in force, and this means that whale hunting and the sale of whale meat are prohibited throughout the world. Currently whaling is allowed only to meet the needs of indigenous population (the so-called aboriginal) and to capture whales for scientific purposes by special permission of Member IWC. First of all, the Day of Whales is intended to attract the attention of the public, representatives of the authorities and all of humanity to the protection of this unique species of animals and all marine mammals in general, of which only 119 species have survived on our planet.The intense and merciless extermination of marine mammals and, in particular, whales, which has been going on for more than 200 years, has a detrimental effect on their numbers - many members of this order are on the verge of disappearing. But they are the most sensitive indicators of the state of the marine ecosystems of the planet and an important link in the food chains of the world oceans, they create the stability of the biological circulation of substances in the ecological system. Therefore, reducing the number of whales and other marine animals leads to a violation of the biological balance in marine ecosystems. Because every extinct species — an irreparable loss — everything that disappears in the animal world disappears forever. Despite the fact that the moratorium on whale fishing is still in effect and the catch of whales is prohibited by the laws of most countries, the destruction of these animals does not stop. Also, a person, by his activity, unfortunately, is not always rational, had long been a negative influence on nature, changing it. For example, large losses to marine mammals cause fishing gear, as well as pollution of the oceans with oil products due to the expansion of the geography of oil production on the sea shelf.
Much information and data on Arctic nature and the history of the Reserve the employees of the Reserve can get from their library.It has been existed for 42 years already. Our researchers as well as public organizations, some scientists and a number of authors contribute to the library fund. .Thank to the people, many books, articles and monographs have been added to the library and it’s replenished with new titles from year to year. By 2018 about 3000 books on science and popular science had been collected on the Wrangel Island. About 2000 books has been taken to the Information Centre of Reserve Wrangel Island to build the fund. The employees of the Reserve sort books, put them on the right shelves, and keep electronic lists. They are also busy with building of the electronic version of library. Readers and visitors could learn about the library’s resourses just by visiting the official site of the Reserve.
Dear colleguages, nature and book lovers ! If you have some spare books on science and popular science as well as fiction on severe Arctic , its plant and animal life and on Reserve Wrangel Island itself, send them electronically or scanned, with a note «For the electronic fund of Reserve Wrangel Island», please. Our e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org
Actually, Reserve Wrangel Island is a scientific laboratory. Implementation of scientific researches is one of the main directions of the Reserve. Both Wrangel and Gerald Islands are under special state protection and give a unique opportunity for studying of the natural course of natural processes in undisturbed ecosystems.
At this moment the staff of the scientific department of our reserve is represented by two employees,namely, Ulyana Babiy and Pavel Kulemeev.It’s winter, and now the research department are carrying out a painstaking processing of the data that have been obtained during the field work, as part of long-term monitoring and special population studies. Their work will result in a new volume of Chronicle of Nature and some new scientific publications as well.
In 2,5 months the scientific staff of the reserve will keep working on the island where they will have a new stage of exciting registration work and stationary observations. The period of nesting hasn’t come jet, however, it’s within reach. In fact, snowy owls start nesting in the middle of May. In the beginning of June, passions always run high at the biggest in Europe colony of small white geese. Actually, all seabird colonies are full of life and make a fantastic noise in summer! So, the majority of bird species, such as skuas, sandpipers, sea ducks, will have started breeding season by the middle of June.
They say, science starts with small deeds and steps. Any observations are of great importance for science. Throughout the year, the employees of the protection department register animals and their tracks on routes that are at least 2,000 kilometers long, collecting material on the number and distribution of species in the territory, as well as valuable photos and video materials to help the department of environmental education. The protection department of the Reserve is participating actively in the collecting of monitoring data. In March the forces of state inspectors are planning to register ancestral dens.
From year to year, scientific researches are carried out on the protected island in the framework of scientific cooperation. As a rule, we work together with colleagues from leading domestic and foreign research institutes indeed. For instance, in the framework of the bilateral Russian-American 2016 agreement the staff of the reserve, employees of the All-Russian Research Institute Ecology under the leadership of the head of the Laboratory for the Conservation of Marine and Coastal Ecosystems, PhD in Biological sciences, Stanislav Belikov and his American colleague from the University of Washington, PhD in biology, Erik Reger and his like- minded people annually join forces to organize on the island of Wrangel ground-based surveys of polar bears, as well as collecting material for genetic research using a non-invasive method. Together with Vasily Baranyuk, a foremost authority on white goose, a member of the Working Group on anseriformes in Northern Eurasia, the longest in the history of the reserve population researches aimed at studying the only white goose colony in Eurasia have been conducted.
In addition, 2019 is a jubilee year for us. We have been collecting data for almost 50 years already. Scientific research is an integral part of the Reserve life. Analysis of long-term observation data and new scientific discoveries are necessary for understanding the general state of natural complexes and developing actual recommendations for the conservation of unique natural objects.
Happy holiday, dear colleagues! Best wishes to all scientists, it means to employees of the Wrangel Island Reserve, as well as colleagues from all over Russia who have ever conducted researches in protected areas, especially researchers of the protected areas of Chukotka and the Far East! You are the basis of Russian science!
On February 8, 1724 by the order of Peter the Great the Academy of Sciences was founded in Russia. In 1925 it was renamed into the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and in 1991 into the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1999, by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated June 7, the holiday of Russian Scientists was established on this day. Thus the authorities went to the roots of Russian science and the 275th anniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences was celebrated.
February ,2 The Global Day of Wetlands
The Convention on Wetlands, having an international importance predominantly because of wetlands, the main living places of waterfowls, was signed on February 2, 1971 in Ramsar city (Iran) and now it is known as the Ramsar Convention.
The Convention has been signed by 154 states since then. Russia joined to it on December 26, 1975, and as a result 35 wetlands in the country have an international status at present. The day of signing of the Convention was announced as the Global Day of Wetlands and has been celebrated since 1997.
The events held on that day aim at drawing public and governments’ attention to the value of wetlands for maintaining of stable development of our planet. The term wetlands refers not to lakes and swamps, valleys and river mouthes only , but also to sea coasts and shallows, gulfs and lagoons. Being one of the key types of ecosystems of the planet, wetlands determine the water cycle and a series of important elements, form a global climate, support preservation of biodiversity as well.
On the Wrangel Island there are about 900 lakes that are mainly located on the northern plain,1400 rivers and small streems( rivulets). Marshes cover the area of 10555 hectares. According to the Ramsar Convention the total area of wetlands on the territory of Reserve Wrangel Island runs to 8000 hectares including the most interesting areas. They are the north- eastern part of the Tundra of Academy,the lower part of the river Unexpected( Neozhidanaya) and the delta of the Mamoth river ( Mamontovaya) next to Lake Jack London .These areas are characterized by the widest biodiversity, for instance, by unique plant communities. They are also habitats , feeding and moulting places for more than 80 waterfowls and near- water birds including 32 species of lamellirostral and 55 species of charadriiformes. It is here where Sabine's gulls (Larus sabini),typical for our areas, build their nests, and pacific brant geese and white geese concentrate. Not less than 10 species of sandpipers nest in these areas(Serinus hortulanus, Calidris bairdii etc.)
Preservation of wetlands is the guarantee for biodiversity preservation and for healthy environment as well.
All-Russian Day of reserves and national parks
This event is annually celebrated in our country on 11th of January. It has already become the starting point for significant changes not only in the nature saving work but also in the public perception. On this day in 1917 the first Russian natural reserve was created – Barguzin Reserve, which represents the gold standard of total natural reserve. For many years the wildlife impact on this complex was minimal. The development of events made this reserve to be the ancestor to the system of state reserves in our country, so called a flagship of specially protected territories. Besides, this is the first scientifically research institution in the Baikal.
The humanity is grossly responsible for it: even if people possess the world they have built, that world was built in the place where virgin forests were the only skyscrapers, where the nature did not suffer from outer impact, where everything was in the harmony. Under the human impact into the nature it becomes our direct responsibility to save those few remaining islands of the wild nature. We must keep in mind that creating reserves and natural parks is not only mere tribute to the nature from which we endlessly take but also the essence of the man responsible for his actions.
Such reserves are, first of all, pride of the people living close to them. The number of the reserves in our country is annually increased.
We, Wrangel Island Reserve employees, congratulate with all our hearts all SPNR employees, ecologists, volunteers, partial activists and all the Russians proud of the heritage of our wonderfully beautiful country.
As per Mikhail M. Prishvin, the Russian writer: “To protect nature means to protect the Motherland”.
Opening of the season of actions in Reserve Wrangel Island.
Two ecological events were held on January 18 in the Reserve Wrangel Island. So, the year 2019 has been opened.
The staff of the municipal budgetary educational institution Education Centre conducted an event dedicated to All- Russia Day of Reserves and National Parks.
Students learnt a lot from the lecture on the following questions.
When did the holiday originate?How did it begin? Who protects the environment nowadays?In what way?What specially protected areas are situated on the territory of Chukotka Autonomous Region( Okrug)?
They watched a film about unique objects included in the list of natural heritage of UNESCO. Children also answered employees’s questions very actively.
For example, they knew what is a reserve and what are reserves established for.
After all the results of the municipal New Year tree toys competition Arctic on the tree were announced. Finalists and winners got prizes and certificates in memory of the action. In the evening a meeting with representatives of the initiative group Friends of Ocean took place in the Info Centre of the Reserve.
Tatyana Pridorozhnaya made a speech. She reported to visitors just in simple words on destruction of the marine ecosystem caused by plastic wastes.
Tatyana acquainted guests and town’s residents with the way of life of marine inhabitants by visual demonstration. She showed clearly that being surrounded by plastic they are absolutely not able to distinguish plastic from their food. Children learnt about how much plastic people on the planet are absorbing while eating every day.
Thus the only conclusion to be drawn from the events is as follows. The problem of environmental pollution is global. No person can solve it by himself.
There is one way out only.If everybody contributes in making efforts to cope with all fatal mistakes the mankind have committed, we’ll win together someday!
New book of famous Russian photographer Sergey Gorshkov "Wrangel Island" was published.
With the discount code arctic30 everyone will get 30 % discount from the prices. Same code works with single books and the package of both English books.
The code arctic30 must be filled in the check out before paying and one will get the discount automaticly.
Remember to mention the code arctic30 for your followers on Facebook etc., that is how they will get the 30 % discount.
Tourism to Vrangel Island in figures.
More than 1500 foreign tourists visited the island during the last six seasons. Mainly tourists came from Germany, Australia, Switzerland, the USA and France. However, the number of Russian tourists does not cede: there are 139 our compatriots who preferred Arctic. Just to list few countries the tourists come to Vrangel Island from to enjoy Russian exotics, there are Luxemburg, Mauritius, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zeeland, Singapore, Taiwan.
Ecological tourism is becoming more and more popular
More than 1500 foreign tourists visited the island duriThe 27th of September is the International Tourism Day.
The summer tourist season in the Reserve has started July 16 and lasted till August 29. This year 6 tourist boats have moored to the pier of the Reserve. More than 300 tourists from over the world Russia inclusive have explored endless ices of Arctic with great interest.
In total, the tourist program of the Reserve offers 9 ecological excursion routes across the island.
On-ground tourist groups, within the framework of the prima cruise ships, experienced and enjoyed the route “Somnitelnaya Bay – Tundrovy Peak – Drem-Khed” by all-wheel drive vehicle “Trekol”. Such a kind of tourism is notable with close contact with the nature without interfering into it. The tourists could sight musk buffaloes – coevals of the mammoth who continued inhabiting the island even 6 thousand years after the official date of their extinction, snow goose regular nesting spot, admire the beauty of the Red Book snowy owl, catch on video playing blue fox littling. The most delighting for that cold summer was the blossoming tundra.
While crossing ice fields the tourists rather often faced the symbol of the island – the polar bear, - in its natural living place. The curious Arctic animal was many times caught on cameras by the tourists impressed by its size and beauty. The Pacific walrus, fjord seal, bearded seal, for which the sea ice is a favorite recreation place, were also met while floating the sea.
Now the tourist season is closed but next year the island, the UNESCO World Heritage Site, will open it again for those who appreciate the fragile beauty of the Arctic nature.
Save Polar Bear
The International Scientifically-Practical Conference “Polar Bear Universe” and the 10th session of the Russian-American Committee took place in Egvekinot settlement of the Iultinsk Region of the Chukotka Autonomous Region within the framework of the inter-governmental agreement on protection of the Chukotka-Alaska Polar Bear Population.
Scientists reported on the up-to-date achievements in the field of the Chukotka-Alaska Polar Bear Population research. The reports on analyzing new biological data of the population state, its quantity and habitation areola borders change due to the climatic fluctuation were debriefed.
< Presented at the reports biological, satellite, meteo- and hydrological data and ice maps allowed identifying in details the red-book animal habitation areola borders in the Chukchee Sea and adjoining equatorials, their number and other parameters.br>
Alexander R. Gudsev, Ph.D.Biology, the Director of the Reserve, also participated in this work.
Tourists arrive at the Reserve Bays
The reserve started to receive the first in this year touristic boats (in particular, the first run of “Professor Khromov”). Tourists from different countries (New Zeeland, the Netherlands, Australia, the Great Britain, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Norway, Sweden, the USA, Slovenia and Russia) have visited Vrangel Island North Reserve.
Save your planet – you will never have another one.
Last week Vrangel Island Reserve held several events dedicated to the Egologist Day and International Environment Defense Day. On the 6th of June “Save your planet – you will never have another one” event took place in the information center of the Reserve. The meeting started with the history of these special days appearing and gradually faded into an ecological game. Attendants answered different questions and participated in different competitions. A little bit later Olga Procopenko, an ornithologist, Pavel Kaurov, an ecologist and Julia Makarenko, a third-year student, joined the event as specially invited guests representing North Biological Problems Institute (FEB RAS, Magadan). They take part in an expedition to study synanthropic population of eiders and other birds in the vicinity of Pevek and Apapelguino settlement. Olga Prokopenko fascinatingly told about the life of the feathered representatives of the Anseriformes, about eiders and about the expedition itself in her presentation “Arctic Birds and Their Live in Pevek”. Pavel Kaurov shared interesting facts about ecological concerns in Arctic, in particular, in Chukotka and the way these concerns affect the flora and fauna.
Artamonova Ekaterina, the Head of Ecological Enlightening Department of the Reserve, held an event “Learn your region, love and care it”, dedicated to the International Environment Defense Day and Ecologist Day, in the children garden “Golden Key” on the 8th of June. From that event children got to know where those Days originated from and their purpose, what ecology was and about care for nature. The children participated in different interesting and useful competitions and games addressed to the environment protection and Red Book animals and plants.
International Day of biological diversity
The 22th of May is International Biological Diversity Day. However this unique Day has a sad tinge, for only in Russia there are more than 65 animal specious which are extinct or close to being extinct, let alone the rare floral forms. The scientists say the major cause of the extinction is human activity in the earth which upsets the biological balance. People treat the planet recklessly, have consumer attitude to its resources. Early or later such an attitude will bring to tragic consequences. Peopling new territories, meliorating natural water reservoirs, cutting forests, manufacturing, hunting rare floral forms – all this irrevocably affects the nature. Upsetting biological balance is equally dangerous for the flora, fauna and human population. It is high time that we cared for the ecology and took improving measures. Treat the nature carefully.
This year the Museum Night has come a week earlier – on the 12th of May and coincided with two ecological dates – Ecological Enlightenment Day and World Day of Migrating Birds. The state natural reserve “Vrangel Island” also participated in this Night. Ekaterina Artamonova, the Head of the Ecological Enlightenment Department, told about the migrating bird of Chukotka and Vrangel Island, about the difference between sea and tundra birds, owl male and female, about the harm of domestic waste, in particular, plastic. As well a documentary record on the realm of birds was demonstrated. That record was a unique one as the birds were shot at flight without any special effect. It took three years and five hundred specialists from all over the world to make that movie with the help of flying devices.
As a part of that event there were an excursion to the depository, narrating on and demonstrating the museum collection documents, plunge-into exhibition dedicated to the reindeer-breeding people, their traditions, dances, holy-fire gaining and evil spirits ward off by knocking at the tembrel named yarar, a concert of lyric verses and songs by Soviet and Russian authors performed by Tatiana Dolzhikova, Alexandra Chigrina and Irina Mishina.
The second spring ride to Arctic island
Apart from inspectors guarding and monitoring the Island all the year round, the research scientists start their work only in spring. On Friday, April 27th Uliana Baby, a research scientist of the reserve, and Basil Baranyuk, the snow goose major scholar, started off for Island to continue monitoring the only remaining is Eurasia colony. The snow goose has been monitoring since 1969, and the current season is the 49th. This is a unique population research.
The work in the island is humming since the beginning of the spring: in the middle of March Gennady Fedorov, Vladimir Mazanov and Yuri Balantsev, the employees of the Security Department, and Pavel Kulemev, a new employee, as headed by Alexander Grusdev, the Reserve Director, started off for the Island. This season Pavel is to monitor the population of the hoofed, and count fin-footed to the possible degree. All of them will stay in the Island till October. In March and April generic dens have already been revised. There are so many plans whereas the season only seems to be long. During this half a year the scientists by means of joined efforts collect information on the key objects of the monitoring such as the polar bear, snow goose, moskus buffalo, sea bird colonies, water courses, phenological observations and many others.
Anastasia Petukhova, the Methodist, also joined the group to monitor the condition of historical-cultural and touristic objects. In the hunter house at Somnitelnaya base, where Ivan Petrovich, an island aborigine, lived, it is planned to create and equip an informational center to enable tourists and guests to see the housekeeping and day-to-day life of the island inhabitants in the middle of the XX century. In 2018 there are totally seven touristic boats to anchor in the island aquatic area.
May our colleagues have a successful field season this year.
Wrangel Island state natural reserve has just finished the season of accepting tourist ships. Read more
UNESCO mission had visited «Wrangel island» nature reserve. Read more
Report about the trip to Wrangel Island in 2014